Genetically Modified Organisms, made through the insertion of genetic material using techniques of genetic engineering, rather than manual crossing of two plants. GMO corn and soy are common crops, but there is no GMO Wheat in the U.S. GMO wheat varieties have been developed and tested but are not legally allowed to be planted in the U.S. yet.


The mixture of two proteins, gliadin and glutenin, found in annual cereal grasses, such as wheat, barley, rye and triticale, which makes it possible for dough to stretch during fermentation and rise in the oven during baking.